How to Calculate the ROI of a Commercial Property

January 25, 2024

Understanding how to accurately assess the ROI enables investors to make informed decisions and compare the potential returns of different investment opportunities. In this blog, we will guide you through the process of calculating the ROI of a commercial property.

1. Determine the Net Operating Income (NOI):

The first step in calculating ROI is to determine the Net Operating Income (NOI) of the property. NOI represents the property's income after deducting operating expenses, but before accounting for financing costs and taxes. To calculate NOI, subtract all operating expenses (such as property management fees, utilities, maintenance, and insurance) from the property's total income.

2. Calculate the Capitalization Rate (Cap Rate):

The Cap Rate is used to determine the property's potential return based on its purchase price. It is expressed as a percentage and is calculated by dividing the property's NOI by its purchase price. The Cap Rate reflects the property's annual income relative to its value and is a key factor in ROI calculations.

3. Account for Financing Costs:

If the property is financed through a loan, it's essential to account for financing costs when calculating ROI. Subtract the annual financing costs (such as mortgage interest, loan fees, and any other associated costs) from the Net Operating Income. This adjusted income represents the Cash Flow After Financing.

4. Calculate Cash-on-Cash Return:

To calculate the Cash-on-Cash Return, divide the Cash Flow After Financing by the total cash invested in the property. This includes the down payment, closing costs, and any upfront expenses. The resulting percentage represents the return on the actual cash invested in the property.

5. Consider Appreciation and Equity Build-up:

In addition to the Cash-on-Cash Return, it's important to consider the potential appreciation of the property and the equity build-up over time. While these factors are not directly included in the ROI calculation, they contribute to the overall return on investment. Assessing the property's potential for appreciation and equity growth is crucial when evaluating long-term profitability.

6. Evaluate Return on Equity (ROE):

The Return on Equity (ROE) measures the return on the actual equity invested in the property. To calculate ROE, divide the property's annual cash flow (after financing costs) by the total equity invested. This percentage provides a clear understanding of the return on the owner's equity in the property.

Calculating the ROI of a commercial property is a vital step in assessing its investment potential. By determining the Net Operating Income, calculating the Capitalization Rate, accounting for financing costs, and evaluating the Cash-on-Cash Return and Return on Equity, investors can make informed decisions and compare different investment opportunities. Understanding the ROI helps identify profitable properties, manage risks, and maximize returns in the dynamic world of commercial real estate.

Note: This blog is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as financial or investment advice. Consult with professionals and conduct thorough due diligence before making any investment decisions.